In response to concerns of Aeroflot Group and other airlines regarding low level of pilots training in Russian civil flight schools expressed through the mass media and at aviation conferences the Interstate Aviation Committee notes that deficiencies in flight personnel training have been repeatedly specified by IAC Commissions that conducted investigations of accidents and fatal accidents (Тu-154М RA-85185 22.08.2006 in the Donetsk region; Boeing 737 VP-BKO in the area of Perm Airport 14.09.2008; Yak-42 RA-42434 in Yaroslavl Airport 07.09.2011; Тu-204 RA-64047 in Vnukovo Airport 29.12.2012; Boeing 737 VQ-BBN in Kazan Airport 17.11.2013, Мi-8Т RA-24614 in the Tuva Republic 10.10.2014, Мi-8Т RA-22869 in the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Area the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Area 21.10.2016, Аn-148 RA-61704 in the Moscow region 11.02.2018, Boeing 737 VQ-BJI in Sochi Airport 01.09.2018 and others). Specified deficiencies related both to the initial training of pilots to transition training and periodic training and checks including on simulators. Investigation Commissions identified serious systemic problems both in the legislative support of civil aviation activities and in the work of civil aviation authorities of all levels and command and flight crew and training personnel of specific airlines.
Serious deficiencies in management and implementation of training process (including flight training) were repeatedly noted by the IAC Commissions that conducted investigations of accidents in flight schools (Yak-18Т RA-44302 of Sasovsky flight school, DA-40NG RA-01726 of Ulyanovsk flight school, DA‑40NG RA-02654 of Buguruslansk Flying School). Specified deficiencies were related to inadequate training and deficit of pilot-instructors, as well as with level of training, management and providing training flights. Investigation Commissions identified serious problems both in legislative and methodological support of training process and in insufficient development of flight operations safety management systems in flight schools. The legal framework for the activities of educational organizations of civil aviation is not completed, many provisions on flight training process management are outdated, the requirements concerning the use of flight recorders and the implementation of flight data analysis programs are not defined.
Unfortunately, many of the recommendations developed on the results of investigations have not been adequately implemented.
Within its competence, IAC constantly pays great attention to aviation experts training and provides them with the opportunity to get acquainted with the best practices of ICAO, IATA and other leading regional and international organizations, manufacturers of aviation equipment of UAC, Airbus, Boeing, etc., as well as airlines and aviation institutions.
In accordance with the decision of the 36th session of the Council on Aviation and Use of Airspace, the IAC has embarked on the implementation of the Interstate Training Program for aviation personnel based on leading aviation training and simulation centers, in which the leading role is given to cooperation of states based on the most efficient and economical use of resources and implementation of best international experience and international programs.